Type 1 diabetes has ceased to be classified as a childhood disease – it now affects people of all ages
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, a disease that attacks cells in the body. In Type 1 diabetes, it attacks and destroys the β cells of the pancreas, a cell that produces hormones called insulin. Insulin is a hormone that lowers blood glucose levels while maintaining an appropriate balance between glucose and insulin in the blood. When these pancreatic cells are destroyed, individuals can not produce insulin, resulting in hyperglycemia (known as diabetes).
Diabetes is not treatable and as with all autoimmune diseases, what it causes is not yet precisely determined. However, according to the University of Maryland School of Medicine, heredity plays an important role and may be related to type 1 diabetes and the outbreak of the virus.
The American Diabetes Association estimates that the population suffering from type 1 diabetes is 1 million to 2 million. This type of diabetes was formerly called juvenile diabetes mellitus and affected young children, mainly 10 to 14 years old. However, in the 1980's medical researchers concluded that this type of diabetes affected people of all ages and the name was changed from juvenile diabetes to type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
General symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes:
increase in thirst of throat
increase in urine
weight loss associated with increased appetite
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
absence of menstruation
Because any of the above symptoms may be an indicator of diabetes, those who combine these symptoms need follow-up with a doctor is. The doctor will conduct the test (urinalysis and blood test) to determine if there is an early indication of this disease. If these tests are positive, the doctor will conduct an examination to confirm type 1 diabetes as a diagnosis.
The treatment of type 1 diabetes
The focus of the treatment plan for this disease is to control high blood pressure. This prevents a serious life-threatening condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Since the people with type 1 diabetes are no longer able to produce insulin producing cells, this disease is not considered insulin resistant, but because it is insulin dependent, it is necessary to inject artificial insulin . The type of insulin and the amount to be given to diabetic patients are determined by the healthcare provider.
Weight management and exercise are also very important in the management of this disease. Therefore, in order to maintain optimum health condition with this disease, a treatment plan including appropriate exercise as well as calculated calorie diet (such as a diet plan designed by the American Dietitian Association (ADA)) is essential. Doctors and nutritionists will cooperate to determine the amount of calories needed for diabetic diet based on current weight, target weight, exercise program. Diabetic patients are also provided with diabetes education classes, how and when to examine their blood glucose levels, how to prepare and inject insulin, signs and symptoms helpful in managing this disease are taught I will.
Diabetes is a chronic disease, as with all chronic diseases, the ongoing demands for proper treatment are somewhat overwhelming. However, diabetic patients need to keep in mind that untreated diabetes destroys the aorta of the body and leads to kidney disease, blindness, loss of limbs, and often too early death. Patients with diabetes need advice from a doctor to provide expert advice, provide information to the American Diabetes Association, and provide guidelines for the treatment of this disease.