Special Dietary Requirements for Children
Children have different nutritional needs than those of adults in three respects.
1) Energy requirement per unit weight is higher than adult.
2) Their food should contain a higher proportion of bodybuilding materials (protein and mineral components) and vitamins than in adults.
3) Their diet should be chosen with special care so as to contain easily digestible food only.
Nutritional factors necessary for children are qualitatively what is needed to nourish adults, ie fuel, proteins, inorganic salts, energy of vitamins, adequate amounts of moisture, fibers It is quantity. However, quantitatively, its requirements are different. This is due to the following facts.
1) Basal metabolism, which is the amount of energy used in the internal processes of the body, is significantly higher in young years than in adulthood.
2) Usually children are much more active than adults and consume a lot of energy for work and play.
3) Finally, the child must have extra energy to save in the growing new organization.
Necessity of tissue construction materials
Proteins are necessary not only for the growth of various organs but also for the construction of muscle tissue. The average adult does not need more than 10% of calories in protein form, but about 15% of the calories as protein can afford a safe to raise children storing the protein.
In addition, about two-thirds of a child's dietary protein should be food-derived foods (mainly milk and eggs) that are more efficient than complete proteins and vegetable proteins. Here, if a child ingests milk quarts everyday, it is quite reliable to receive a safe surplus of protein in the best form available.
Finally, we restrict foods used for children's meals to foods that are easy to digest or are easily handled in the essential areas of children of special ages Who is planning that it is essential?
The gastrointestinal tract of an infant does not have facilities for digesting starch or fat, and initially treats these food substances so that only a small amount of starchy food cooked very thoroughly is given The amount will be limited even in the second year to gradually develop the ability to do.
Infants and toddlers appear to be less sensitive to the presence of bacteria in the intestinal tract, the mucous membranes covering the digestive tract are more sensitive to irritant substances than later life. Foods that are difficult to chew such as vegetables and nuts must give infants only finely crushed foods.
As the gastrointestinal tract becomes a stringer and the teeth are well developed, raw vegetables and most raw fruits must be introduced carefully.