Nutritional consideration on the diet of elderly people
As the body slows down, nutrition becomes an increasingly important consideration. Proper nutrition is essential for healthy aging, but the elderly diet plan is not particularly complicated in most cases.
Some common concerns
physical metabolism begins to slow down as people age. For this reason, the body no longer treats nutrients and nutrition is no longer treated as before. The digestive system also slows down, the stomach reduces gastric juice to digest food. Also, many older people can also fight:
– loss of appetite: Many elderly simply lose their appetite due to physical activity decline, gastrointestinal disorders, age related dementia, etc. . For this reason, attention is required to confirm that the elderly regularly eats a sufficient amount.
– Eat discomfort: Elderly people usually have difficulty or discomfort to chew food with loose teeth or inappropriate dentures. Some people experience dry mouth, some people are hard to eat. In such cases, the elderly should provide adequate food so that the elderly can comfortably eat without the risk of suffocation.
– Insufficient access to food: Some elderly people provide themselves.
– Interaction with pharmaceuticals: Many elderly people take one or more prescription medications, and in most cases, some medicines do not interact with specific foods insufficiently I do not recognize it. Grapefruit juice, caffeine, fiber, milk is a common culprit of food and drug interactions. Doctors and carers need to provide appropriate education to the elderly to avoid negative reactions.
Responding to dietary needs
As you can see, special attention is needed to provide adequate nutrition. There are, of course, further considerations for providing (or limiting) certain foods if the elderly is suffering from other diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, or arthritis. However, in general, the elderly diet must include:
– nutrient-rich foods: elderly people rarely eat most, so foods containing nutrients It is important to include.
– calcium rich food: calcium is a very important aspect of healthy elderly diet because bone mineral density decreases with age. High fiber food: Because the digestive system slows down, food takes time to pass through the digestive tract and often leads to constipation.
– Protein-rich foods: Fruits and vegetable-rich meals help improve this, as elderly people help maintain healthy muscle mass, but many elderly are supplemented We need to add fiber. Mobility Of course, in most cases, the elderly should choose low-fat low fat protein sources such as fish, poultry, beans, seeds.
In addition to a healthy diet, the weight of the elderly is measured regularly and the appropriate weight. This will help the caregiver to monitor the change and adjust the dietary needs accordingly.