Influence of nutrition on public education and health promotion
Nutrition is an unavoidable factor for national education and health growth. A sound student is a productive student. Good quality nutrition is increasingly recognized as investment in human capital, while bad nutrition is received nationwide, it also brings benefits now and in the future. Will the worldwide social productivity decline in 1990 be caused by four overlapping types of malnutrition? Disorders related to seizure or iodine iron or vitamin A deficiency? Has it reached nearly 460,000 years of productive obstacles? Free living nutrition enhances the ROI for education and health care
The literature observed that Nigeria's knowledge has drastically decreased unlike the past few years since the 1980's. Some people pointed out the cause of this malnutrition during the past civil war, one researcher pointed out that in the 1980s, Nigeria had the least number of indigenous peoples in third countries. English language education which is a language of guidance beyond elementary school has reached a low standard that university teachers are dissatisfied that they can not understand the work written by students because of ineffective communication. . By 1990, the crisis of education was predicted to be short of personnel to operate important national services in the decades later. This requires serious attention before the country loses skilled labor. I classify these problems into two major trophic factors, nutritional deficiency and malnutrition. What is the purpose of this writing? It is to examine the impact of nutrition on current and past, and the measures necessary to arrest the situation.
Nigeria features two major nutritional problems, including malnutrition and micronutrients. The rest have little influence, and it is possible that it is currently reserved.
Malnutrition is characterized by insufficient intake of macronutrients. It often begins in the uterus and can spread throughout the life cycle. It straddles generations. Malnutrition occurs during pregnancy, childhood, adolescence and has a cumulative negative impact on the birth weight of future infants. A baby suffering from intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) as a fetus is born with malnutrition effectively and has a much higher risk of dying in early childhood. Results born of malnutrition extend to adults. Frequent or long-term infection and poor uptake of nutrients (especially energy, iron, protein, vitamin A, and zinc) in infancy and early childhood contribute to the IUGR infant 's weight loss and developmental impairment There is a possibility of increasing. In the situation of Nigeria, weaning consisting of daddy, akumu, ogi and coco is carried out for infants after breastfeeding and is made from corn (gemmeiz), millet (penicosem amerinam), or guinea pig (sorghum seed) . ).
In Ananbula State of Nigeria, Daddy contained only 0.5% protein, only less than it was observed. 1% fat compared to 9% protein and 4% fat of the original corn. This is because processing is usually bad. Akinele and Omotola examined the energy and protein intake of low-income infants and children. They report that about one-third to one-half of infants suffer from varying degrees of malnutrition, 10% are wasted and declining. In the more recent Nigerian national survey conducted by the 1990 Demographics Survey (DHS), the percentage of low weight infants under 5 years of age is 36% (less than 2 years old under 12 years old). (Less than -3 SD). While the levels of weakness and severe waste were 9% and 2%, the morbidity rate of seizures (hereinafter "≧ 2 SD height" ≧ "age") was 22% at 43%, respectively, 1986, Nigerian On Ondo State, DHS survey of children aged 6 to 36 months showed a weight loss rate of 28%, a seizure of 32% and a fatigue of 7%.
Is it possible to achieve adequate protein, usually for adults and elderly children? Increase energy intake by increasing daily intake of starchy food with low nutrient density. However, for young children and children, the amount of traditional meals may be too large to allow all the food needed to cover energy demand. 4 to 6 months old baby needs 920 grams of corn gruel to meet daily energy demand (740 Kcal) and protein (13 g).
President Olusegun Obasanjo correctly observed that nearly half of Nigeria's 7-13 year old children are losing weight. Many children and adults are hungry, and some take one meal per day with carbohydrates as the main ingredient.
Micronutrients are another hard nut that collapses in nutrition. This is an insufficient intake of important vitamins and minerals. It can be seen in both rural and urban residents of Nigeria. Lack of vitamins and minerals causes irreversible obstacles to the physical mental development of the child. Apart from indirect effects on mothers, micronutrient deficiency during pregnancy has a profound effect on the developing fetus. Iodine deficiency disorders can cause fetal brain damage or still birth (mental retardation, delayed motor development) and stroke. Fetal development and infant iodine deficiency have been shown to reduce the IQ by 10-15 points. Leaf deficiency leads to neural tube or other birth defects and premature expulsion and both iron deficiency anemia and vitamin A deficiency are associated with the ability of future infant morbidity and mortality risk, vision, cognitive development to concentrate Reduce, participate fully in school, interact and develop socially. There is a record that 40% of children under the age of 5 suffer from vitamin A deficiency. This is a major cause of preventable, severe visual impairment and blindness in children. The most vulnerable is that the proportion of preschool children and pregnant women with anemia is high.
Nutritional influence on national education:
Nutrition has a dynamic and synergistic relationship with economic growth through the channel. Education. Behrman cites three studies suggesting that child nutrition and school education could significantly increase wages by promoting cognitive achievement. Within the womb, the nutrition of young children and young children will influence later cognitive outcomes and learning abilities of the grade, ultimately boosting the quality of education obtained as infants, adolescents and adults. Parental education directly affects the nutrition of fetuses, infants and children by the quality of care (mainly maternity) given, and indirectly through the increase in household income. Development of human capital focusing on education has attracted attention as a key to economic development, but early childhood nutrition has not been emphasized as a facilitator necessary for the development of education and human capital  Childhood nutrition plays an important role in cognitive achievement, important capacity, and ultimately home welfare. For example, protein energy malnutrition (PEM) deficiency, as appears in stroke, is associated with cognitive development and decreased educational outcomes. Low birth weight is associated with cognitive impairment. Iodine deficiency in pregnant mothers can adversely affect the mental development of children and may cause delay in maturation or a decrease in intellectual ability. Iron deficiency may concurrently and impair future learning ability.
Influence of nutrition on health:
Healthy nations are on the way to prove that nutritional value has a big influence on national education. A wealthy country. As can be seen in the context of Nigeria, nutrition has a major impact on the growth of all nationâ. Not only the deficiency of major micronutrients such as iodine, vitamin A, iron but also insufficient consumption of protein and energy is an important factor in the morbidity and mortality rate of children and adults. Also, children with malnutrition have caused lifelong disorders and weakening of the immune system.
In addition, malnutrition is associated with illness and poor health, further burdening the home and medical system. Disease affects personâ € ™ s development from a very early age. Gastroenteritis, respiratory infections and malaria are the most common and serious conditions affecting the onset of 3 years of age. Factions will influence the development of children by reducing the intake of meals. It causes malnutrition. Increases in nutritional requirements due to fever, etc.
Malnutrition also plays an important role in the incidence of adults. For the purpose of mainly determining the risk of life insurance, the relationship between the prevalence of one to the other of chronic diseases and morbidity and high body mass index (BMI) is recognized and analyzed in developed countries. Studies of male and female in Nigeria show chronically the mortality of energy? Are mild, moderate and severely weight-deficient people considered nonchronally greater than 40, 141 and 150% of energy? Insufficient people.
The deficiency of micronutrients also contributes greatly to the burden of the disease. Iron deficiency is associated with malaria, intestinal parasitic infections and chronic infections. Chronic iodine deficiency causes adults and children 's goiter and affects mental health as well. Vitamin A deficiency significantly increases the risk of severe disease and death due to common pediatric infections, especially diarrhea and measles. In areas with vitamin A deficiency, children are 50% more likely to have acute measles on average on average. According to the United Nations report, the improvement of the state of vitamin A is said to be a decrease in the mortality rate of children aged 1 to 5 years old.
Evaluation of current and past efforts:
Tracking this in chronological order due to the bad government and economic shrinkage characterized in the 1980s toward discovery of government and non-government solutions In 1983, the United States International Development Agency (USAID) established a program for family planning and child survival in 1983, a government agency (NGO) that eradicates the effects of nutrition and its response both in the present and past. We began to provide assistance to the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Department of Health for development and implementation. Though focused on three areas, we focused particularly on the government and social services field. It will also focus on promoting the growth and utilization of medical support and democratization of NGOs working at community and national level. USAID began a structural adjustment program that Nigeria first succeeded between 1986 and 1996, but later abandoned it and entrusted $ 135 million to a bilateral aid program. The plans to contribute 150 million dollars with support from 1993 to 2000 were interrupted by Nigeria's relationship to human rights violations, failing to transition to democracy, lack of anti-Nigerian government cooperation? Problem of drug trafficking. In the middle?
In 1987, the International Tropical Agricultural Research Institute (IITA) dealt with a wide range of malnutrition in Nigeria, which began ambitious efforts under the leadership of Dr. Kenton Dashell, a leading researcher. They encourage the use of nutritious and economical soybeans for food everyday. They further said that soybean is about 40% protein ?? It is richer than any of the common vegetable and animal food sources in Africa. By adding corn, rice and other cereals to soybeans, the resulting protein meets the requirements of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The soy also contains about 20% oil, which is 85% unsaturated and does not contain cholesterol.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that three million cases of guinea pigs occurred in 1987. This is a wonderful program to alleviate malnutrition, but many socioeconomic thorns have disturbed function at this time. About 140 million Nigeria, about 2% of the world, Nigeria is the country with the highest number of guinea pig cases. In affected areas, parasites and related complications were regarded as major causes of work and school absences.
In August 1987, the Federal Government intended to influence the entire population of the Primary Health Care Plan (PHC) health policy initially presented by President Ibrahim Babangida, the main goal is to provide healthcare professionals Promotion of development, improvement of health data collection and monitoring. We secured the acquisition of indispensable drugs in all areas of the country. Implementation of extended immunization program (EPI). Improved ?? nutritionâ? It spreads all over the country. Promotion of health consciousness of national family health program;
President Olosagun President Obasanjo met with the President of the International Nutrition Science Institute (IUNS) in 2002 promised to support better coordination of nutrition activities and programs In Nigeria, in addition, the prevalence rate of malnutrition was not accepted by the government at all, and in order to ensure that resources to improve household food security are available to President IUNS,
On September 27, 2005 Nigerian President Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo started a school meal program at Nasarawa State School at Laminga elementary school. This program is fully funded and managed by Nasarawa State, and Nasarawa makes this a unique model in Africa. Are breakthrough events playing one of the promises amongst children who many people observe at the age of 7, especially to fight against malnutrition? 13 years is low weight. He has promised to reach out to about 27 million children in the next 10 years. NAFDAC also helps to properly assess food and drugs used in the country and to arrest problems of malnutrition.
Other international organizations such as the World Bank Development Fund, NGOs, the World Health Organization (WHO). UN agencies (UNICEF, UNFPA, UNDP). African Development Bank. Conclusion:
The biggest solution to nutrition can be captured with this slogan. â, ¬â "¢ â, ¬â" ¢ Are they catching young people? Children are the fastest growing rate, so they are most vulnerable to Utero's malnutrition and depend most on others during this period before reaching 3 years old. However, nutritional interventions such as school lunch programs that started at the school age in the Nara River are also important for strengthening the learning ability. Training and nutrition education are very important. Nutrition education can easily be incorporated into the primary health care program. The African child survival program lowers malnourished high incidence rate in many parts of the cause and the consequences of economic loss of malnutrition, as a proportion of total loss from all causes, human productivity Sacrifice, 10? 15%; GDP,% – 10%.
The government should use the mass media and pay attention necessary when necessary. The government should try to reach rural people who can not access various government interventions. In addition, improved nutrition can be achieved at low cost, and has a long life impact and is a particularly strong anti-poverty measure. Investing in nutrition is one of the best options for economic growth and a better social life.
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