Diabetes of the elderly
Your body gains glucose from the food you ingest, the liver and muscle also supplies glucose to your body. Blood transfers glucose to cells in the body. Insulin is a chemical hormone, which helps cells in the body to uptake glucose. Insulin is made by the beta cells of the pancreas and then released into the bloodstream
if the body does not make enough insulin or insulin does not work, glucose can not enter the cells of the body. Instead, glucose must remain in the blood, the blood sugar level rises. This high blood glucose level causes pre-diabetic syndrome.
pre-diabetes mellitus means that the blood sugar level is higher than the average but not high enough for diabetes diagnosis. Having pre-diabetic glucose levels increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes as well as heart disease and stroke. Still, there are many ways to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes if there is pre-diabetes syndrome. Moderate physical activity and healthy diet with moderate weight loss will help prevent type 2 diabetes and help pre-diabetic patients return to normal blood glucose levels.
Symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss without test pain, appearance of slowly healing wounds, dry itching skin, loss of feeling or tingling of feet, and Including blurred vision. Still, some people with diabetes do not experience these symptoms.
Diabetes can develop at any age. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is also called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. Usually diagnosed in children, teens, young adults. In this type of diabetes, the pancreatic beta cells are no longer able to produce insulin as they have been destroyed by the body's immune system.
Type 2 diabetes is adult onset diabetes or non insulin dependent diabetes It may be developed at any age, including childhood. This type of diabetes is a result of insulin resistance, in which cells in the body do not properly interact with insulin. Initially, the pancreas can produce more insulin to keep up with the increased demand for insulin. However, they lose their ability to compensate for the inability of cells in the body to properly interact with insulin over time. Insulin can not help cells take up glucose, which results in high blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
People of African-Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, Alaska Native Americans and Asian Pacific Islanders provide particularly high-risk diet, adverse health effects due to high blood pressure diet and lack of physical activity . Type 2 diabetes develops
Gestational diabetes mellitus refers to the onset of diabetes in the late pregnancy. This is caused by a shortage of hormones and insulin associated with pregnancy. This type of diabetes disappears after the baby is born, but both the mother and the child have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the later stage.
Diabetes is a serious disease and includes the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, gums, and teeth.
In order to avoid serious complications associated with diabetes, it is important to keep blood glucose level, blood pressure and cholesterol under control. The incidence of diabetes is twice as high as that of diabetic patients.
Risk Factors and Prevention
Diabetes is a serious disease without cure. Controlling blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol can help prevent or delay complications associated with diabetes such as heart disease and stroke.
Type 1 diabetes is classified as an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune disease is the result of the immune system in the body, fighting infections heading towards a part of the body.
Currently, it is unclear what causes the immune system in the body to accurately cause and attack and destroy insulin-producing cells There are genetic and environmental factors such as viruses involved in the development of pancreatic type 1 diabetes . Researchers identify these factors and work to prevent type 1 diabetes in people at risk.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with overweight, hypertension, abnormal cholesterol levels. Overweight can correctly use insulin and contribute to the body.
Other risk factors include:
- Parenting is taking place in African American, American American, Alaska Native, Asian American, Pacific Islander, Hispanic American / Latino
- There is a history of pregnant diabetes
- Inactive lifestyle
Slow changes in lifestyle habits help prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes in a dangerous state. . Here are some useful tips.
- Maintain healthy weight. Too much overweight can have a lot of adverse health effects, potentially making it impossible to properly use insulin. It can also contribute to hypertension. Studies have shown that even a modest amount of weight loss can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Please choose a healthy diet. What we put in our bodies has a big influence on our health and how does our body work? You can control weight, blood pressure, cholesterol level by taking health.
- Activate it. Find the physical activity you enjoy, it pressures your heart, probably actively walking, dancing, doing work. Studies have shown that diabetes helps reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Diabetes occasionally as people may not show any signs or symptoms , "Silent" illness. Symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent hunger, fatigue, weight loss with no pain, emergence of slowly healing wounds, dry itching skin, loss of sensation or foot tingling, and blurring It includes sight.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes gradually progress, type 1 diabetes develops more quickly.
The doctor performs various tests for the diagnosis of diabetes. Tests to diagnose diabetes and pre-diabetes include fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
If these tests indicate that there is a possibility of diabetes, the doctor should repeat the fasting plasma glucose test or the oral glucose tolerance test on another day Diagnosis
Type 2 diabetes is older Because it is more common with people, especially overweight people, we recommend that people over the age of 45 be examined for diabetes. If you are over 45 years old and overweight you are strongly advised to take the examination.
The elderly, especially in the case of overweight, has a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Doctors recommend that people over the age of 45 be subject to diabetes examination, especially if they are overweight.
Diabetes is a serious disease that leads to pain, disability, and death. Sometimes people have symptoms, but diabetes does not doubt.
Despite the risk of diabetes depending on the condition of age and weight, symptoms are not felt, so the examination is often delayed. Sometimes we do not realize that people's symptoms may be diabetes. Nonetheless, diabetes is a serious disease, and if you do not receive treatment, it can lead to harmful complications and death.
Often, diagnosis is not diagnosed diabetes until experiencing one of complications such as heart failure or unsightly. Early detection can prevent or delay such complications and makes tests more important
There is no cure for diabetes, but blood glucose and cholesterol levels  Persons with type 1 diabetes control insulin injections with shots or insulin pumps to control blood glucose levels. People with type 2 diabetes control blood glucose levels using oral medication, insulin, or both. In some cases of type 2 diabetes, only diet and exercise can be used to maintain proper blood glucose levels.
There are several lifestyle changes in blood sugar management. These include:
- Incorporate physical activity into your daily life
- It is also important in a way consistent with your doctor's recommendation to drink appropriate diabetes drugs and check your blood glucose levels.
Diet and exercise
Follow meal plan
It is very important to make a healthy choice to keep the blood sugar level in the correct range What you eat What is it? People suffering from diabetes should have their own meal plan meaning how they react according to the type of food their bodies eat. If you ask, the doctor can provide contact information of a dietician or diabetes educator who will help you make the appropriate diet plan.
When planning a meal, includes weight, daily physical activity, blood sugar level, and medication therapy. Dietary planning, in addition to controlling blood glucose levels, helps to achieve healthy weight for overweight people. Dietitians will help you and your family not only to simplify your goals and lifestyle plans but also to clarify misunderstandings about healthy diets.
Diabetic patients do not need to eat specific food alone, everyone is good for diabetes. Such foods include those with little fat, salt, and sugar. Fiber-rich foods such as whole grains, beans, fruits, vegetables are also great choices. By making a healthy choice of your diet, it helps to achieve and maintain healthy weight, control blood glucose levels and prevent heart disease
Regular physical activity
People diagnosed with diabetes. Research has improved the blood glucose levels of the elderly and elderly who participate in the regular fitness program. Exercise provides many health benefits that are particularly important for diabetic patients.
If you are new to exercise, please consult your doctor before beginning. Some exercises (eg weightlifting) may not be safe for people with eye problems or high blood pressure. Ask your doctor to check your heart and legs to make sure there are no special problems related to diabetes. In addition, please consult your doctor to find a safe exercise.
Make physical activity a part of your daily life. Walk, ride a bicycle, or a garden. Try dancing or swimming, just work around the house and make it active. I will do various activities and look for ways to increase physical activity in my daily life. Please do some exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. People who just started exercise, please slowly gradually increase the amount of exercise.
Type 1 diabetic patients Type 2 diabetes people use insulin to lower blood glucose levels. If the body does not take enough, people must take insulin.
In many cases of type 2 diabetes, insulin is made sufficiently in the body, but it is not used well in the body. body. Diabetes medicine is used to solve this problem. Some are required once a day and others are more often taken It is important to ask your doctor or pharmacist how to take your pill. If there are side effects or medication is bad, please consult your doctor. Finally, please remember that in addition to healthy diet and exercise, you should use diabetes medicine.
Other cases of type 2 diabetes do not require insulin or diabetes medication, but treat diabetes mellitus with rather healthy diet and periodic physical activity.  Self-monitoring
It is important to periodically record blood glucose levels using a blood glucose monitor. Recording these levels in your diary also helps you better understand how your treatment is progressing. Some people have to check their blood glucose levels several times a day.
Monitoring blood glucose levels helps to detect "high" and "low". If the glucose level is too low, a condition called hypoglycemia occurs. When this happens, people may become unstable and confused. If blood sugar level falls too much, people may be fainted. After doctor's recommended treatment plan and blood glucose monitoring, you can avoid "low". Check your glucose level and if it is too low you can increase it while drinking sweet foods and drinks like fruit juice.
Symptoms called hyperglycemia occur when the blood sugar level is too high. If the blood sugar level is too high, there is a possibility that a person may fall into a coma.
ABC of Diabetes Monitoring
Diabetic patients are particularly at high risk of developing heart disease. stroke. For this reason, monitoring your diabetes with your "ABC" is very important.
A. A1C or average blood glucose level
B. blood pressure
The A1C (A-one-C) test is a good measure of what your blood glucose level is in most cases. A test result lower than 7 is a positive sign that your diabetes is controlled. A test result greater than 7 means that the blood glucose level is too high. If A1C is too high, take action. Please consult your doctor about changing your treatment plan and lifestyle to reach your goal. Lowering A1C to a healthy level helps avoid complications related to diabetes such as heart disease and kidney damage.
Hypertension causes complications such as stroke and kidney disease. In general, people with diabetes want to keep blood pressure below 130/80. Please check your blood pressure every time you see a doctor. If the cholesterol level is too high, you can consult a doctor and lower it.
Cholesterol, especially LDL cholesterol, is a fat-like substance that accumulates in arteries. If the cholesterol level is too high, the artery narrows. This can lead to heart disease or heart attack. People with diabetes must keep cholesterol below 100. If you are too high about how to check your cholesterol and achieve your cholesterol goals, please consult your doctor.
Reduction of blood glucose levels and blood supply to the extremities can cause severe nerve damage and loss of emotion. Unconscious injuries cause ulcers and may lead to cutting. For this reason, foot care is very important for people with diabetes. Check your legs every day and check breaks, let spots, erosions, infected nails, swollen. Please report the problem to your doctor and check your feet each time you see a doctor. People with diabetes are more likely to experience skin injuries and infections. For this reason, care of your skin is also important.